Critics Corner.

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The mysterious case of Santhi Soundarajan and other stories

Posted by Sports Snob on December 26, 2006


Another Asian Games came by and went, and India managed to hit the headlines for all the wrong reasons. Not much of a surprise actually, considering that is what they have been doing at every global sporting arena. Thank goodness that the weightlifters were barred from taking part this year thanks to their past sins, else they would have hogged a major part of the headlines (still for the wrong reasons) themselves. But if there was one incident, or ‘news-item’ that made Seema Antil, the Indian hockey team etc’s efforts at infamy pale in comparison, it would be the gender bending act of Santhi Soundarajan.

Sportswomen being accused of masculinity is nothing new. The dawn of the 20th century saw women taking part in sports on a scale far larger than ever before. And soon enough, you had the ‘femininity’ of some highly successful female athletes being questioned. Sometimes, as in the case of Martina Hingis famously calling Mauresmo ‘half a man’ because she came to the Australian Open ‘with her girlfriend’, sportswomen were taking a dig at their own ilk. Rumours are rife that this might be the case with regards to Santhi as well, what with reports going around that it was a teammate of hers that complained to the authorities that caused the gender test to be taken. It’s a pity, really. There have been instances in the past of a ‘man’ competing as a woman and getting away with it. Take for example Stella Walsh, who as any good sports quizzer will tell you won Poland the gold in the women’s 100m race in the 1932 Olympics only to be discovered at her autopsy much later in 1980 that she had underdeveloped male genitalia and XY chromosomes. Stella’s case was also the one that led to a general agreement in the sporting world that one’s chromosomal gender need not always be an indication of one’s social/biological gender, and by the time of the 2000 Olympics, compulsory gender testing had been done away with.


Another reason why it is a pity is that no one can begrudge Santhi her hard fought achievements. Born to poor, rural and uneducated parents, and having lived all her life as a girl, she wouldn’t have given much thought to the fact that she did not have menstrual cycles like a normal woman, as she would have dismissed it as some medical aberration that would cost her a lot of money, that she could not afford, to probe deeper into, and instead concentrated on the one thing she did best, and knew that one day would bring her glory, i.e. run fast. What is a mystery to many is that Santhi had actually passed the gender tests of AFI without any hitches. This is only points out to the fact the outdated (though probably a better indicator of gender) physical examination method is what is prevalent in India and not chromosomal testing. For all its hi-funda science, chromosomal testing singles out female athletes whose genetic make-up, though not ‘normal’ gives them no unfair competitive advantage. And not to mention the psychological harm post-disclosure caused by gender testing in general.

The Santhi incident has prompted the introduction of gender tests at the National Games in Guwahati in a couple of months’ time. And this time, they are going the chromosomal way. May not be the morally right thing to do, but at least this keeps them in line with what is done internationally, and thus prevent another Santhi from happening, which would be good for both Indian athletics, and more importantly the athlete would not have face public humiliation at this large a scale.


Indian hockey continues to reach new lows with every tournament. The Asian Games at Doha was a disaster. For the first time in the history of the Asian Games, India has finished outside the top three. While it is true that we are no longer a world power, it is a rude shock to be informed that we are not even among the top Asian teams. India was beaten by China. Now, that is a news headlines that would have evoked laughter a few years back. But China is now showing us that they are a force to reckon with. They beat
India in the group stages and then beat the other super power, Pakistan in the semi-finals.  

I think it is time for KPS Gill and his bunch of cronies to leave Indian Hockey alone. They have done enough damage. And Mr. Gill has the audacity to say, “10 bad minutes cost us the match”. We seem to have 10 bad minutes in every game. The Australians, the Dutch know that India is a dangerous team in the first half. The last fifteen minutes expose the lack of stamina and absence of alternate game plans. It is also disheartening that Indians haven’t adapted well to the new style that the Europeans practice. And to top it all, our selection policies leave most hockey fans scratching their heads in confusion. Why a player like Viren Rasquinha wouldn’t play is beyond me.  

The lack of consistent performance and official indifference to the plight of hockey, the constant chopping and changing of coaches, regional bias in team selection are disheartening. The hope now is, we can only go one way: up.

Am sure the readers of this blog would not have expected an article with so much ‘sex’ and tragedy in it. But then such is sports.

Thejaswi Udupa and Prof

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11 Responses to “The mysterious case of Santhi Soundarajan and other stories”

  1. Kesavan said

    The Santhi issue was handled by the AAFI really badly. And it also seems like Santhi had cleared a gender test at some meet last year. Now doubts are being raised stating that Santhi did not run the 800 (or was it 1500) because the officials suspected something wrong.

    Our media coverage of the Shanti issue has also been really bad. Once the news came out, a couple of news channels started referring to her as Soundarajan, her dad’s name. Total lack of sensitivity, not something new from our media.

    And it would have been better in terms of PR if Santhi had come in a sari to collect the cheque from Karunanidhi.

    Indian Hockey, lesser said the better. Lets see if PHL makes any difference.

  2. Ms. V said

    I don’t understand what this gender testing is all about. What the hell does it matter what chromosomes one has? It’s bad enough people like her aren’t fully accepted in society, and now we have to sit and put labels on them. In my opinion, if she considers herself a woman, then that’s what she is. I don’t care what any scientifically advanced methods claim she is; no one in the entire world but Santhi has the right to decide who she is. It’s sad that no matter how far we advance “scientifically and technologically”, our brains can’t move beyond primitive stone-age thoughts. It just makes me furious!

  3. Kesavan said

    She passed the test last year, did not fail a drugs test, but failed a gender test.

    Did not know that someone could become a male from a female in the space of a year. This is a matter that surely needs investigation, but none seems forthcoming.

  4. ruya said

    I’d like to add my two cents to Kesavan’s comment. While I agree that the media coverage of the issue has been insensitive, referring to Santhi as Soundarajan was surely not one example of insensitivity, considering that in the West and in North India for that matter, women and men are often referred to by their surname.
    And I take strong objection to your assumption that her wearing or not wearing a sari while meeting the CM has any bearing at all on the whole issue!

  5. @ Ruya: I think the statement on the saree was made in a lighter vein. And thanks for the comment.

  6. Kesavan said


    These were Indian news channels. Do they refer to Sania as Mirza?

  7. Sports committee should develop rules that allow gender determination (for the sake of sports competition) BEFORE an athletic event, not after. One wonders about the emotional damage done to young female athletes by this investigation. I read that Santhi attempted to commit suicide. Perhaps that psychologist will be needed after all.

  8. madmax said

    lets think rationally for a minute. why do these rules exist? to prevent someone taking unfair advantage in a race. the question now is – do people with Androgen insensitivity syndrome(AIS) have unfair advantage over normal women. if yes, then its quite simple – they can only compete with males. but it may be difficult to determine how much of an advantage, people with partial AIS have over normal women. so until we figure that out, have to make AIS folks compete only with men

    second topic – look at how south africa rallied behind semenya. and look at what indian media did.. i really thought she was a man dressed like a girl and ran the race (looking at headlines). shame on indian media. Kudos to Tamilnadu CM to give monetory help to santhi.

  9. […] testing has been destructive in the past – Santhi Soundarajan was stripped of a silver medal in 800 meters at the 2006 Asian Games because she was found to be chromosomally male, probably due […]

  10. konthai07 said

    she is woman no man

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